Quadratic function or the second-degree polynomial
Vertex (maximum/minimum) - coordinates of translation
Roots or zeros of the function, axis of symmetry and y-intercept
Transformations of the quadratic function's expression

Quadratic function or the second-degree polynomial
The polynomial function of the second degree,  f (x) = a2x2 + a1x + a0 is called a quadratic function.
 y = f (x)  = a2x2 + a1x + a0   or   y - y0 = a2(x - x0)2,
 where are the coordinates of translations of the quadratic
function. By setting   x0 = 0 and  y0 = we obtain  y = a2x2,  the source quadratic function.
The turning point  V(x0, y0) is called the vertex of the parabola.
Note that the coefficients, a2, a1 and a0, of quadratic function, correspond to the coefficients, a, b and c, of quadratic equation, respectively.
 The real zeros of the quadratic function:
The above formula is known quadratic formula that shows the symmetry of the roots relative to the axis of symmetry of the parabola.
 y = f (x) = a2 x2 + a1x + a0  = a2 (x - x1)(x - x2) = a2 [ x2 - (x1 + x2) x + x1x2 ]
The graph of a quadratic function is curve called a parabola. The parabola is symmetric with respect to a vertical line called the axis of symmetry.
As the axis of symmetry passes through the vertex of the parabola its equation is x = x0.
Quadratic function has the y-intercept at the point ( 0, a0 ).